Top 10 Mistakes Employers Make


As an agent, you want your customers to succeed so you can succeed. Your growth driven customers are the ones you especially want to protect, so you can continually reap the profits they will send your way year after year. What you can contribute to your customer’ success depends in large part on what you can share with them that will enhance their prospects for future growth (hindered all too often by problematic and costly insurance claims). Guidance in area of labor & workers’ compensation liability for many customers is or has all too often, been sorely lacking.


What are the biggest employee-related mistakes employers make these days? And, how you can defuse these potential time bombs before they explode into costly disputes dragging down a bottom line at renewal time meaning it will drag down your profits as well.

Here’s a quick overview of the top 10 employer mistakes – and how to avoid them.

  1. Failing to establish an effective sexual harassment policy.
    Supreme Court decisions hold employers liable for their supervisors’ actions or lack thereof unless complaining employees fail to take advantage of company complaint procedures. In light of these rulings, implementing policies and procedures for dealing with sexual harassment is more important than ever. It is also essential that supervisors be trained on these policies and procedures, and that management actively engages in an annual review with all employees on this subject supported by documentation. Lastly, an employer must also act in a timely manner to investigate and document all sexual harassment complaints that are brought to its attention. Without written records the employer has nothing but a – lost case.
  2. Failing to pay overtime to nonexempt employees.
    Many employers pay employees a salary regardless of the number of hours they work and whether they are subject to the wage and hour laws. Unless they are exempt as administrative, executive or professional employees, you must pay them time-and-a-half their regular hourly pay for all hours worked in excess of 40 per week. When in doubt about whether an employee is exempt, pay him or her hourly wages. This will avoid having to pay back wages if you’re audited by the Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division.
  3. Failing to complete I-9 forms for new employees.
    Many employers merely photocopy employee-produced documents without filling out the parts of the forms that describe the documents. This can be a costly mistake if the Immigration and Naturalization Service audits you. (One employer was reportedly fined $100,000.) You are not required to photocopy employee-produced documents, but even if you do, you must fill out the forms completely.
  4. Failing to take and document disciplinary actions.
    Supervisors, not wanting to be perceived as villains, hate to write up employees. Then when the company can no longer tolerate unsatisfactory performances, the files do not document the poor records and you have no grounds on which to justify suspensions or discharges. This leaves you open to lawsuits alleging discrimination. Employees who have been discharged for poor performance often have glowingly written evaluations in their files. This inconsistency can expose you to lawsuits. Enforce rules consistently across the board including on Supervisors and be ready to produce documents to show that you are actively engaged in adhering to your own policies.
  5. Failing to quickly discharge poor performers.
    Employers are often advised to progressively discipline employees by issuing a single written warning to many rather than one written warning to a few. But often a time comes when failure to act is as bad as overreacting. If you have retained employees for many years despite poor attendance records, multiple infractions and even several “final” warnings in their files, you are asking for trouble. These employees are most likely to sue when finally discharged. The best course is to discharge a poor performer as soon as prudently feasible. The more seniority an employee has the harder to justify discharging him or her.
  6. You must be sure that laying off a group of employees has no disparate impact on any protected group.
    To avoid lawsuits, verify that the group doesn’t contain a disproportionately high percentage of age protected employees or employees of a particular ethnic or racial group or sex compared to the rest of the workforce. The decision of who will be laid off should be based on objective criteria, such as qualifications, experience, and ability to perform certain work essential to the company. If the decision to lay off one employee as opposed to another is based on such criteria, make sure the file supports this decision.
  7. Failing to get a signed release from a terminated employee.
    As an employer, you may have a legitimate reason for terminating an employee. However, you may fear a lawsuit if the employee is a member of a protected class? Many employers are reluctant to use releases because they fear the release may educate the employee about rights and litigation possibilities of which he might otherwise be unaware. But this belief may be a case of sticking your head in the sand. In light of media attention and never ending attorney advertising involving employment discrimination verdicts, employers should not rely on a hope that workers do not know their rights. Hope is not a PLAN. The right approach to avoid litigation is to get signed releases from departing employees, particularly if any severance or separation pay is provided to the employee(s).
  8. Conditioning employment offers on medical exams.
    The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) bars employers from asking applicants about their disabilities or requiring medical exams before offering employment. However, once the offer has been made you can ask applicants to take specifically focused “Essential Functions of the Job” medical exams. The burden is on you to establish the medical exam’s relevance to the job’ “Essential Function” requirements. An Essential Function is defined as – that part of a job without which there would be no job. Going one step further note that you are required to make “reasonable accommodations” but not so far as to  impose undue hardship on the company’s business operations. An undue hardship for the purpose of religious accommodation has a much lower threshold than typically exists under the Americans with Disabilities Act. In contrast a physical limitation based on a Job’s “Essential Functions” will set up a higher bar when applied to workplace safety , but which can be more easily overcome by having a licensed medical doctor (not you) make the final call on the applicant’ physical ability to perform the job they are seeking. If, based on the – Essential Functions of the Job, the accommodation imposes anything more than a di minimus monetary cost or operational burden, it is not required by the employer. Moreover, employers often fail to accommodate their employees’ disabilities after they are hired leaving themselves open for litigation and workplace injuries that often cross over into the costly arena of workers compensation. The ADA requires employers to “reasonably accommodate” their employees’ disabilities but not to the point of it being an excessive burden on the company.
  9. Failing to take proactive steps to keep your workforce union free.
    Employers must constantly communicate with their employees to deal with their grievances. If employees do not believe their employer is interested in their issues, they may look outside the workplace for representation and today the climate is ripe for such expansion.
  10. Failing to retain labor and employment counsel to avoid making the first nine mistakes.
    The proliferation of complex statutes prevents most employers from keeping on top of employment law without professional help. Hindsight once again can be ugly.

The purpose of business is to create and keep a customer.
All business activities must be focused on this central purpose.
At Insured Solutions…..our purpose is to help you help your customers.